What's database clustering? Should you permit the same database to become on 2 different servers how can they keep your data between synchronized. And just how performs this vary from load balancing from the database server perspective?
Database clustering is a little of the ambiguous term, some suppliers think about a cluster getting several servers share exactly the same storage, many others call a cluster some duplicated servers.
Replication defines the way some servers remain synchronized without needing to share the storage having the ability to be geographically disperse, you will find two primary methods for carrying out it:
master-master (or multi-master) replication: Any server can update the database. It is almost always taken proper care of with a different module inside the database (or perhaps a entirely unique software running on the top of these in some instances).
Downside is it is very difficult to prosper, plus some systems lose Acidity qualities much more this mode of replication.
Upside is it is flexible and you will offer the failure associated with a server while still getting the database up-to-date.
master-slave replication: There's merely a single copy of authoritative data, the pressed towards the slave servers.
Downside is it is less fault tolerant, when the master dies, you will find no further alterations in the slaves.
Upside is it is simpler to complete than multi-master also it usually preserve Acidity qualities.
Load balancing is really a different concept, it consists disbursing the queries delivered to individuals servers therefore the load is really as distributed as you possibly can. It is almost always done in the application layer (or having a connection pool). The only real direct relation between replication and load balancing is you take some replication to have the ability to load balance, else you'd possess a single server.
Clustering uses shared storage of some type (a drive cage or perhaps a SAN, for instance), and puts two database front-finishes onto it. The front-end servers share an Ip and cluster network title that clients use for connecting, plus they decide between themselves who's presently responsible for serving client demands.
If you are asking in regards to a particular database server, include that for your question and that we can also add particulars on their own implementation, but at its core, that is what clustering is.
From SQL Server perspective:
Clustering provides you with an energetic - passive configuration. Meaning inside a 2 node cluster, one of these would be the active (serving) and also the other you will be passive (waiting to consider over once the active node fails). It is a high availability from hardware perspective.
You could have an energetic-active cluster, but it may need multiple cases of SQL Server running on each node. (i.e. Instance 1 on Node A failing to Instance 2 on Node B, and instance 1 on Node B failing to instance 2 on Node A).
Load balancing (a minimum of from SQL Server perspective) doesn't is available (a minimum of within the same feeling of web server load balancing). You cannot balance load this way. However, you are able to split the application to operate on some database on server 1 as well as operate on some database on server 2, etc. This is actually the primary mean of "load balancing" in SQL world.