I've unevenly distributed data(wrt date) for any couple of years (2003-2008). I wish to query data for any given group of start and finish date, grouping the information by the supported times (day, week, month, quarter, year) in PostgreSQL 8.3 (http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.3/static/functions-datetime.html#FUNCTIONS-DATETIME-TRUNC).

However , a few of the queries give results continuous within the needed period, as that one:

select to_char(date_trunc('month',date), 'YYYY-MM-DD'),count(distinct post_id) 
from some_table where category_id=1 and entity_id = 77  and entity2_id = 115 
and date <= '2008-12-06' and date >= '2007-12-01' group by 
date_trunc('month',date) order by date_trunc('month',date);
          to_char   | count 
        ------------+-------
         2007-12-01 |    64
         2008-01-01 |    31
         2008-02-01 |    14
         2008-03-01 |    21
         2008-04-01 |    28
         2008-05-01 |    44
         2008-06-01 |   100
         2008-07-01 |    72
         2008-08-01 |    91
         2008-09-01 |    92
         2008-10-01 |    79
         2008-11-01 |    65
        (12 rows)

but a number of them miss some times because there's no data present, as that one:

select to_char(date_trunc('month',date), 'YYYY-MM-DD'),count(distinct post_id) 
from some_table where category_id=1 and entity_id = 75  and entity2_id = 115 
and date <= '2008-12-06' and date >= '2007-12-01' group by 
date_trunc('month',date) order by date_trunc('month',date);

        to_char   | count 
    ------------+-------

     2007-12-01 |     2
     2008-01-01 |     2
     2008-03-01 |     1
     2008-04-01 |     2
     2008-06-01 |     1
     2008-08-01 |     3
     2008-10-01 |     2
    (7 rows)

in which the needed resultset is:

  to_char   | count 
------------+-------
 2007-12-01 |     2
 2008-01-01 |     2
 2008-02-01 |     0
 2008-03-01 |     1
 2008-04-01 |     2
 2008-05-01 |     0
 2008-06-01 |     1
 2008-07-01 |     0
 2008-08-01 |     3
 2008-09-01 |     0
 2008-10-01 |     2
 2008-11-01 |     0
(12 rows)

A count of for missing records.

I've come across earlier discussions on Stack Overflow however they don't solve my problem it appears, since my grouping period is just one of (day, week, month, quarter, year) and made the decision on runtime through the application. So a strategy like left join having a calendar table or sequence table won't help I suppose.

My current means to fix this really is to complete these gaps in Python (inside a Turbogears Application) while using calendar module.

It is possible to better method of doing this.

You may create their email list of first times of the this past year (say) with

select distinct date_trunc('month', (current_date - offs)) as date 
from generate_series(0,365,28) as offs;
          date
------------------------
 2007-12-01 00:00:00+01
 2008-01-01 00:00:00+01
 2008-02-01 00:00:00+01
 2008-03-01 00:00:00+01
 2008-04-01 00:00:00+02
 2008-05-01 00:00:00+02
 2008-06-01 00:00:00+02
 2008-07-01 00:00:00+02
 2008-08-01 00:00:00+02
 2008-09-01 00:00:00+02
 2008-10-01 00:00:00+02
 2008-11-01 00:00:00+01
 2008-12-01 00:00:00+01

You'll be able to join with this series.

apart from getting tables with every date to right join from, unsure how

You can produce a temporary table at runtime and left join on that. That appears to take advantage sense.