Every time I attempt to filter a Publish in Wordpress, it transmits me towards the login screen having a lengthy string for that URL:

../wordpress-login.php?redirect_to=http%3A%2F%2F192.168..128%2Fblog%2F%2F%2Fwp-admin%2Fedit.php%3Fs%26mode%3Dlist%26action%three dimensional-1%26m%3D0%26cat%3D0%26action2%three dimensional-1

The website is placed on an online server IIS server, with Light beneath it. Does my problem have something related to that?

Virtual IIS Server running light ought to be fine.

Make sure that your base domain and residential URL are positioned properly within the Blog Admin. It appears to become redirecting for your Ip.